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Drancourt, M., Aboudharam, G., Signoli, M., Dutour, O. and Raoult, D.  “Detection of 400-year-old Yersinia pestis DNA in human dental pulp: an approach to the diagnosis of ancient septicemia.”  Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA.  95 (1998): 12637-12640.


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Gilbert, M. Thomas, et. al.  “Absence of Yersinia pestis-specific DNA in human teeth from five European excavations of putative plage victims.”  Microbiology.  150 (2004): 341-354.


Hinnebusch, V. Joseph, Elizabeth R. Fischer, and Tom G. Schwan.  “Evaluation of the Role of the Yersinia pestis Plasminogen Activator and Other Plasmid-Encoded Factors in Temperature-Dependent Blockage of the Flea.”  Journal of Infectious Disease.  178 (1998) 8pp.  2 Dec 2006.


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Roberts, Charlotte A. and Anne Grauer.  “Commentary:  Bones, bodies and representivity in the archaeological record.”  International Journal of Epidemiology. 30.1 (2001): 109-110.


Schremmer, Robert D. “Plague”.  eMedicine. 4 Dec 2006.


Stenseth, Nils C., et al.  “Plague Dynamics are Driben by Climate Variation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America.  103 (2006): 13110-13115.


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The Plague     Yersinia pestis     The Spread     Cultural Effects     Controversies     Modern Plague     References